He married Maria de la Asunción Solange de Messia y de Lesseps, Countess of Odiel, and had four children. His popularity also suffered due to the poor situation of the popular classes, Catalan nationalism, and consequences of the Rif War. After several days, Carlos himself decided to withdraw; his army melted away and was reduced to a third of its former strength. In Spain, there were various risings which developed into the First Carlist War. During his reign, Alfonso continued the system of rotating the governments which led to political instability. The war that occurred between 1920 and 1927 was fought between the Africanists who wished to conquer an empire in Africa and the abandonistas who wanted to abandon Morocco. The result was the bloody First Carlist War (1833–1840). Juan and Beatrix lived first in Modena, but had to leave during the revolution of 1848 . Early life. In 1921, Alfonso’s favorite general Manuel Fernández Silvestre moved to the Rif Mountains of Morocco and later led his men into the Battle of Annual where Spain was defeated badly. He was a grandson of Alfonso XII and nephew of Alfonso XIII. consort to an Infanta naturalized as a Spanish Infante, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, Archduke Karl Pius of Austria, Prince of Tuscany, Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies, Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Maria Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier, María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig of Bavaria, Maria Teresa, Princess and Duchess of Bavaria, Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Infante_Carlos_María_Isidro_of_Spain&oldid=991838877, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit, Supernumerary Knights of the Order of the Holy Spirit, Grand Crosses of the Order of Saint Stephen of Hungary, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2016, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón y Borbón-Parma, Moral Roncal, Antonio Manuel. However, he did not formally abdicate. Following the proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic, Alfonso left Spain and settled in Rome. Alfonso was born in Rome, the youngest son of the Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona and of his wife, Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.His godfather was the Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón; his godmother was his father's sister Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain. Following the death of the king’s son Gonalzo and renouncement of the throne by his other sons Jaime and Alfonso, his son Juan became the only male heir. The winning design, by José Grases Riera, was erected in an artificial lake in Madrid's Parque del Buen Retiroin 1922. He soon joined his adherents at Elizondo in the western Pyrenees of Spain. In November 1885, Alfonso died, just short of his 28th birthday, at the Royal Palace of El Pardo.He had been suffering from tuberculosis, but the immediate cause of his death was a recurrence of dysentery. It was later discovered that he supported Silvestre’s advance into the Moroccan region. Also Known As: El Africano or the African, Spouse/Ex-: Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (m. 1906), siblings: Alfonso Sanz y Martínez de Arizala, Fernand Sanz, Infanta María Teresa of Spain, María de las Mercedes; Princess of Asturias, children: Alfonso; Prince of Asturias, Fernando de Borbón y Battenberg, Infanta Beatriz of Spain, Infanta María Cristina of Spain, Infante Gonzalo of Spain, Infante Jaime; Duke of Segovia, Infante Juan; Count of Barcelona, Leandro de Borbón, See the events in life of Alfonso XIII Of Spain in Chronological Order. Although Alfonso had seven children with his wife Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, he later left her to have relationships with several mistresses and fathered numerous illegitimate children. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. On 28 February 1941, Alfonso XIII of Spain died in Rome, at the age of 54. On the evening of Maundy Thurs­day, 29 March 1956, Al­fonso and Juan Car­los were at their par­ents' home Villa Gi­ralda in Es­to­ril, Por­tu­gal, for the Easter va­ca­tion, where Al­fonso died in a gun ac­ci­dent. In September 1816, he married his niece Infanta Maria Francisca of Portugal (1800–1834), daughter of King John VI of Portugal and Carlos' sister Carlota Joaquina. Alfonso XIII of Spain had two elder sisters, Infanta Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, who married Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, and Infanta Maria Teresa who married Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria, Infante of Spain. In 1814, Carlos and the rest of the Spanish royal family returned to Madrid. In the first few years of the war, there were several moments when victory was within Carlos' grasp. However, after realizing that the war was hopeless, he pulled back his troops with the aim of abandoning the Rif. Infante Gonzalo Manuel María Bernardo Narciso Alfonso Mauricio of Spain (1914–1934), a haemophiliac, like his elder brother Alfonso. Sancho IV the Brave was the King of Castile, León and Galicia from 1284 to his death. Alfonso XIII, (born May 17, 1886, Madrid, Spain—died February 28, 1941, Rome, Italy), Spanish king (1902–31) who by authorizing a military dictatorship hastened his own deposition by advocates of the Second Republic.. Following the ‘Disaster of the Annual’, the support for the abandonistas grew which contributed to the military coup d'état in 1923. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885) was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885. In midst of the first Carlist War, on 15 January 1837, the Cortes passed a law, ratified by royal decree of Regent María Cristina, which excluded Don Carlos and several of his named allies from the succession to the Spanish crown and declared them stripped of their Spanish titles. But he endured a good deal of hardship, and was often compelled to take to hiding in the hills. Death and burial. [1] While there were certain conservatives in Spain who wanted to put Carlos on the throne immediately, Carlos himself was a firm believer in the legitimate succession and would never have taken up arms against his brother. His mother was the king’s second wife, Maria Christina of Austria. During a visit to UK in 1905, Alfonso XIII of Spain stayed at Buckingham Palace where he met the granddaughter of Queen Victoria and niece of King Edward VII, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg. Peter the Great (Catalan: Pere el Gran, Spanish: Pedro el Grande; 1239 – 2 November 1285) was the King of Aragon (as Peter III) of Valencia and of Majorca (as Peter I), and Sovereign Count of Barcelona (as Peter II) from 1276 to his death. Following World War I, Spain participated in the long but victorious Rif War. His heirs continued the arch-conservative cause, fought two more Carlist wars and were active into the mid-20th century, but never obtained the throne. Infante Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso of Spain (1913–1993), heir-apparent to the throne 1941-1969, Count of Barcelona, and father of the current King, Juan Carlos I of Spain. Coming to the throne at such an early age, Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the … His father’s death in 1885 made him the King of Spain upon his birth. His mother was the king’s second wife, Maria Christina of Austria. In 1931, municipal elections were held which were won by the republican parties. Ferdinand VII died on 29 September 1833. During his reign, Alfonso repeatedly intervened in politics in an attempt to alternate liberal and conservative governments. They were so deprived as "rebels". The couple had three sons: Apart from several formal offices, Carlos took no significant part in the government of Spain. In May 1830, Ferdinand VII published the Pragmatic Sanction, again allowing daughters to succeed to the Spanish throne as well as sons. On 10 October 1830, Ferdinand's wife gave birth to a daughter Isabella, who thereupon displaced her uncle in the line of succession. Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime (1849–1936). On 15 January 1941, he abdicated his rights to the Spanish throne in support of his son Juan. He was buried at the Spanish national church, Church of Santa Maria in Monserrato degli Spagnoli. In April 1833, Ferdinand called upon Carlos to take an oath of allegiance to Isabella as Princess of Asturias, the title traditionally used by the first in line to the throne. After a revolution deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. In November 1885, Alfonso died, just short of his 28th birthday, at the Royal Palace of El Pardo. On 10 March 1855, he died at Trieste (then in the Austrian Empire), where he is buried in the chapel of Saint Charles Borromeo in the cathedral of San Giusto. In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. In September that year, General Miguel Primo de Rivera seized power in the coup. As Charles V, he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma (= 21) 6. In 1975 Alfonso died of a heart attack at his palace in Sanlúcar de Barrameda. In 1930, Miguel Primo de Rivera resigned from his role of prime minister due to economic problems and general unpopularity. His first wife having died in Britain in 1834, Carlos married her elder sister, his own niece Maria Teresa of Portugal, Princess of Beira in Biscay in October 1837.[1]. Carlos remained in Portugal, which itself was in a state of civil war between the adherents of Carlos' nephew and brother-in-law Miguel and his grand-niece, Miguel's niece Maria II. Ten years later, he died at a hotel in Rome, at the age of 54. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Rey_Alfonso_XIII_de_Espa%C3%B1a,_by_Kaulak.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfonso_XIII_in_uniform_of_a_British_Field_Marshall.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D0%A4%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%BE%D1%80%D1%82%D1%80%D0%B5%D1%82_%D0%BA_%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%82%D1%8C%D0%B5_%C2%AB%D0%98%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F%C2%BB._%D0%92%D0%BE%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%8F_%D1%8D%D0%BD%D1%86%D0%B8%D0%BA%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B5%D0%B4%D0%B8%D1%8F_%D0%A1%D1%8B%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0_(%D0%A1%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BA%D1%82-%D0%9F%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%B1%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B3,_1911-1915).jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Alfonso_XIII,_cadete,_de_Manuel_Garc%C3%ADa_Hispaleto.jpg. On these occasions, he was often carried over difficult places on the back of a stout guide commonly known as the "royal jackass" (burro real).[1]. In April 1931, he was forced to leave the country though he refused to abdicate the throne. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History. Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria; 20 April 1884 – 13 July 1966) was a member of the British royal family, a male-line granddaughter of Queen Victoria.She later married into the Spanish royal family, and was the wife of Prince Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Infante of Spain, a first cousin of Alfonso XIII of Spain. On the evening of Maundy Thursday, 29 March 1956, Alfonso and Juan Carlos were at their parents' home Villa Giralda in Estoril, Portugal, for the Easter vacation, where Alfonso died in a gun accident. Carlos remained in Spain for five years. However, by July 1840, almost all resistance was concluded. In October 1834, his sister-in-law Cristina issued a decree depriving him of his rights as an Infante of Spain; this was confirmed by the Cortes in 1837. Alfonso XIII of Spain, also known as El Africano, was the King of Spain from his birth in 1886 until the establishment of the Second Republic in 1931. The Span­ish Em­bassy in Por­tu­gal is­sued an of­fi­cial communiqué: After the 2nd Republic the Spanish royal family had gone into exile, after Alfonso XIII's death, prince Alfonso died and Jaime renounced his claim to the throne, so prince Juan became the heir to the Spanish throne. He was the second son of Alfonso X and Yolanda, daughter of James I of Aragon. According to the report the five main causes of death in Spain, in descending order based on the number of overall deaths they accounted for, are: Ischaemic heart disease – (14.6%) Alzheimer disease … Media in category "Infante Alfonso of Spain" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. When Carlos removed him from office, Maroto marched to Tolosa where Carlos was living and made him a virtual prisoner. Alfonso XIII of Spain was born on 17 May 1886, in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, as the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain. But Carlos, who was heir presumptive to his brother, refused to renounce his rights to the throne, which he considered to have been given to him by God. His actions led to political instability, especially between 1902 and 1923, when 33 governments were formed in Spain. Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona (Juan Carlos Teresa Silverio Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg; 20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993), also known as Don Juan, was the third son and designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain and Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg.His father was replaced by the Second Spanish Republic, and under his son, Juan Carlos I, a constitutional monarchy was restored. In respectful but firm terms, Carlos refused. Infante Alfonso o Spain, Duke o Galliera (Alfonso María Francisco Antonio Diego; 12 November 1886 – 6 August 1975), wis a first cousin o Alfonso XIII o Spain.. Mairiage. Understanding the impact of the five leading causes of death in Spain. 22 pistol. His wife and her sister, Maria Teresa (1793–1874), the princess of Beira, on the other hand, were actively engaged in intrigues with the apostólicos.[1]. Don Carlos had support from Basque provinces and much of Catalonia, but lost the war and never became king. The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, he grew up alongside two elder sisters under the regency of their mother, María Cristina. The king had come to the city to try to defend it from an imminent Almoravid attack. Alfonso XII (Alfonso Francisco de Asís Fernando Pío Juan María de la Concepción Gregorio Pelayo; 28 November 1857 – 25 November 1885), also known as El Pacificador or the Peacemaker, was King of Spain, reigning from 1874 to 1885.After a revolution that deposed his mother Isabella II from the throne in 1868, Alfonso studied in Austria and France. Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona : biography 20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993 Juan Carlos de Borbón (Juan Carlos Teresa Silvestre Alfonso de Borbón y Battenberg; English: John Charles Therese Sylvester Alphonse of Bourbon and Battenberg) (20 June 1913 – 1 April 1993), was the third surviving son and designated heir of King Alfonso […] [2]Coming to the throne at such an early age, Alfonso had served no apprenticeship in the art of ruling, but he possessed great natural tact and a sound judgment ripened by the trials of exile. These were: Carlos himself, his descendants, his ally and future wife Teresa of Portugal, Teresa's son Sebastian (1811–1875), and Carlos's nephew Miguel I of Portugal (1802–1866), the other absolutist rival monarch in another country. Carlos refused absolutely. His fondness for football led him to support several "Royal" football clubs, including Real Club Deportivo de La Coruña, Real Madrid, Real Unión, and Real Zaragoza. His claim was contested by liberal forces loyal to the dead king's infant daughter. The two developed feelings for each other and decided to marry. He was a reactionary who stridently opposed liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. There were ongoing conflicts between Carlos' military staff and the clergy who exercised significant influence over him. Alfonso was born in Rome, the youngest son of the Infante Juan of Spain, Count of Barcelona and of his wife, Princess Maria Mercedes of Bourbon-Two Sicilies.His godfather was the Infante Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón; his godmother was his father's sister Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain. In July, he passed over to France, where he was actively aided by the legitimist party. Plaza Alfonso XIII in Iloilo City, Philippines (currently Plaza Libertad) was also named in his honor. During these years, he accompanied his armies, without displaying any of the qualities of a general or even much personal courage. Alfonso XIII of Spain was born on 17 May 1886, in Madrid, Kingdom of Spain, as the posthumous son of Alfonso XII of Spain. Their wedding was marked by an assassination plot on the king and his wife by Catalan anarchist Mateu Morral who threw a bomb at the gathering, eventually killing and injuring many. On 29 September 1936, Alfonso became the senior heir of Hugh Capet following the death of the Carlist pretender, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime. Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855) was an Infante of Spain and the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma.As Charles V, he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain.He was a reactionary who stridently opposed liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. In Madrid, his widow declared herself regent for their daughter. There, he was met by forces loyal to Maria Cristina and Isabella, who threatened to arrest him. After a brief time in Austria, they settled in London where their younger son was born. Nevertheless, Alfonso encouraged his son Juan to participate in the uprising. Alfonso VI died in Toledo on 1 July 1109. Victoria Eugenie was a Protestant. His father’s death in 1885 made him the King of Spain upon his birth. Subsequently, he used the title 'count of Molina'. He was also the younger brother of Juan Carlos de Borbón, nowadays Juan Carlos I King of Spain. Juan Carlos, friends said, was traumatised by the death of his only brother and never really got over it. Ferdinand VII had found it necessary to cooperate with the moderate liberals and to sign a Constitution. The Spanish Embassy in Portugal issued an official communiqué: The clerical party (called in Spanish 'apostólicos') continued to support the rights of Carlos to the throne. He died on 16 August 1966, aged 57. Infante Alfonso of Spain was the younger brother of King Juan Carlos of Spain. He claimed the throne of Spain after the death of his older brother King Ferdinand VII in 1833. Alfonso was the son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1870–1949) and his wife Mercedes, Princess of Asturias (1880–1904). He was a monarch from birth as his father, Alfonso XII, had died the previous year.Alfonso's mother, Maria Christina of Austria, served as regent until he assumed full powers on his sixteenth birthday in 1902. After converting to Catholicism in March 1906, Victoria married Alfonso in May at the Royal Monastery of San Jerónimo, Madrid, in the presence of guests, including her cousins King George V and Queen Mary. Alfonso Carlos was born in London, England to the exiled Juan, Count of Montizón. Bio by: 380W Don Carlos María Isidro Benito de Borbón (29 March 1788 – 10 March 1855) was an Infante of Spain and the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. Maroto then began private negotiations with Cristina's commander-in-chief, and in August 1839 abandoned Carlos completely. The 'authorisation' was in fact an order to remove Carlos and his adherents from Spain. From 1808 until 1814, he and his brothers were prisoners of Napoleon at the palace of Valençay in France. In 1902, his widow Maria Cristina initiated a national contest to build a monument in memory of Alfonso. After the death of Jaime, Duke of Madrid, Alfonso Carlos assumed the mantle of the Carlist movement. He ordered the construction of Madrid’s luxurious Hotel Palace for his wedding guests. As their son Gonzalo also suffered from haemophilia, Alfonso distanced himself from Victoria later on. In 1808, Napoleon captured Madrid in the Battle of Somosierra, and he induced Carlos's father Charles IV and Carlos' older brother Ferdinand VII to renounce their rights to the throne of Spain. The Fundación Infante de Orleans, a foundation dedicated to the preservation of historical aircraft in Spain, established in 1989, is named in his honour. The king, who was in France when informed about the ‘Disaster of the Annual,’ took no interest in the news and didn’t return to the country to comfort the families of the martyred soldiers. Alfonso Borbón y de Borbón was killed in an uninvestigated and obscure incident when he and his brother were manipulating a cal. He informed the members of Maria Cristina's government that they were confirmed in their posts, and proceeded to the Portuguese-Spanish border. For almost another year, some of his commanders continued to fight on his behalf, especially in Catalonia. Coat of arms of Infante Alfonso. His mother served as his regent until 1902 when he took oath as the future king on his 16th birthday. When the Miguelist party was finally beaten in Portugal in 1834, Carlos escaped to the United Kingdom, where the government offered to grant him an annual pension of 30,000 pounds if he would renounce his claims and never return to Spain or Portugal. The posthumous son of Alfonso XII, Alfonso XIII was immediately proclaimed king under the regency of his mother, María Cristina. Carlos, however, was known for his firm belief in the divine right of kings to govern absolutely, the rigid orthodoxy of his religious opinions, and the piety of his life.[1]. On 1 October, Carlos issued a manifesto declaring his own accession to the throne. The last of these was the so-called Royal Expedition of the summer of 1837, when Carlos himself accompanied his army from Navarre to the outskirts of Madrid. In February 1839, Maroto had four Carlist generals shot and issued a proclamation criticizing Carlos' court. In 1936, the nationalist leader General Francisco Franco announced that his group would not accept Alfonso as the king despite the fact that Alfonso supported the nationalists over the republicans. In May 1845, Carlos renounced his rights to the throne of Spain in favour of his eldest son, Carlos Luis. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/alfonso-xiii-of-spain-8045.php, Marriage To Victoria Eugenie Of Battenberg & Issue, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, Celebrities Who Look Beautiful Even Without Makeup. In 1992 his remains were moved to Spain to be buried at the Escorial Monastery. [1] While some of his adherents supported him because they believed in his hereditary rights to the throne, others were more concerned to preserve home rule in the Basque districts. On 10 May 1907, their first child, Alfonso, Prince of Asturias, was born. He established an office in the Royal Palace to assist prisoners of war on all sides. Carlos V de Borbón. 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